To edit a CSV file using pandas in Python, you first need to import the pandas library. Next, you can use the `read_csv()`

function to read the CSV file into a DataFrame. Once you have the DataFrame, you can make any edits or modifications to the data using pandas functions and operators. Finally, you can use the `to_csv()`

function to write the edited data back to a CSV file. This allows you to easily manipulate and update CSV files using the powerful data manipulation capabilities of pandas in Python.

## What is a pandas DataFrame?

A pandas DataFrame is a two-dimensional data structure in the pandas library of Python, that is used to store and manipulate tabular data. It consists of rows and columns, similar to a spreadsheet or a SQL table, and allows for easy manipulation, filtering, and analysis of data.

## What is the apply() function in pandas?

The apply() function in pandas is used to apply a function along any axis of the DataFrame or Series. It can be used to apply a custom function to each element in a DataFrame or Series, or to apply a built-in function to each row or column in a DataFrame. This function allows for more complex data manipulation and transformation compared to the built-in functions in pandas.

## How to calculate descriptive statistics in pandas?

To calculate descriptive statistics in pandas, you can use the `describe()`

method. This method provides a summary of statistics for each numerical column in a DataFrame, including count, mean, standard deviation, minimum, maximum, and various quantiles.

Here's an example:

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import pandas as pd # Create a sample DataFrame data = {'A': [1, 2, 3, 4, 5], 'B': [10, 20, 30, 40, 50]} df = pd.DataFrame(data) # Calculate descriptive statistics stats = df.describe() print(stats) |

Output:

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A B count 5.000000 5.000000 mean 3.000000 30.000000 std 1.581139 15.811388 min 1.000000 10.000000 25% 2.000000 20.000000 50% 3.000000 30.000000 75% 4.000000 40.000000 max 5.000000 50.000000 |

This will provide you with a summary of statistics for each numerical column in the DataFrame.

## What is the difference between merge and join in pandas?

In pandas, merging and joining are two different ways of combining datasets.

**Merge**: The merge function in pandas is used to combine two DataFrames based on a common column (or key). By default, the merge function performs an inner join, which only includes rows that have matching values in both DataFrames. However, the merge function also allows for different types of joins such as outer, left, and right joins.**Join**: The join function in pandas is used to combine two DataFrames based on their indices. Join performs a left join by default, which includes all rows from the left DataFrame and only the matching rows from the right DataFrame. Join does not have as many options as merge, as it is specifically for combining based on indices.

In summary, merge is used to combine DataFrames based on common columns, while join is used to combine DataFrames based on indices.

## What is the iloc[] function in pandas?

The iloc[] function in pandas is used to select data by integer index location. It allows you to select specific rows and columns in a DataFrame using their integer index position rather than their labels. This function is particularly useful when you want to select data based on its position in the DataFrame rather than based on the label names.

## What is the append() function in pandas?

The append() function in pandas is used to append rows of one DataFrame to another. It takes a DataFrame as an argument and appends its rows to the end of the calling DataFrame. This function helps in combining multiple DataFrames into a single DataFrame.